عنوان مقاله [English]
In ancient era of Iran, “Fire” was regarded as one of the main elements of mankind life which had high value and was always revered. After accepting of Islam by Iranians, revering fire as a scared matter was flawed after gradual changing in Zoroastrian religion. In spite of this fact, in some regions of Iran (especially in southern Iran) reverence and sanctity of fire was maintained. Blazing of fire in day and night had its respective ritual. By falling down, all of people should burned their heath and anyone could not convey fire from their home to the other. By the others reprimandedanyone who did not burn its hearth and they called him as extinguished hearth so-called“OjaqKur”. Ashes also was useful, sanctity and respectable. Spilling of water in burned fire wasscolded and forbidden. Occasionally when someone spurred water inadvertently or deliberately in fire, women by avowing or citing name of God tried to drive away disasters. However, the enterprise showed which has occurred apernicious and abnormal treatment.Oath to hearth was a prevalent and valuable action. Naming of children by titles of “ Azar” , “Atash”, “Atashin” and “Atashu” was prevalent among some tribes. In social system of nomads and traditional structure some of tribes, title of “Tash” regarded as an introducer of them. Finding of the essay shows hearth and its sanctity had a currency in all ceremonies of nomads which included many aspects of socio-economic, cultural and religious matters.